Winter, if one is living in a country with dry, frigid conditions, is a time when skin is most-susceptible to damage via l'ambient. Cosmetologist Dr. Douglas Gausam shares his tips for healthy hair and skin during this season. Gausam, who's 13 year focus on anti-aging methods and solutions have taken him to diverse parts of the world, believes there is a universal desire by both men and women to care for their appearance. "We are all a little vain", he mentioned with a big smile. "Some of us are more than others are more likely to admit this reality."
Some skin-care background knowledge appears to be universal. "Remember that the most important factors that decide the quality of your skin and hair are your genes and family history, your nerves and emotions, and your immune system", Gausam stated. "Use an appropriate face wash meant for your skin type and wash twice a day."
The following are some tips Dr. Gausam encourages so as to ensure radiant, healthy skin during winter - and summer - seasons:
- Use cleansers at night to remove make up and dirt before using a face wash.
- Use sunscreen everyday even if you are indoors. The sun's UVA rays come through windows and contribute to aging, pigmentation, and tanning. Ideally, sunscreen should be applied every three hours.
- Sunscreen should have an SPF of 30 or more. SPF is the degree of protection against UVB rays, hence sunscreen must have UVA protection as well. The usual UVA protection ingredients are Avobenzone, Titanium dioxide, Zinc oxide, Mexoryl and Tinosorb.
- Make up products like foundations, mineral powders, and compacts do not have adequate sun protection.
- Olive to darker skin tones tend to tan and pigment easily and patchily. There is a very thin line between tanning and pigmentation. If your tan hasn't gone away in 4-6 weeks, see a dermatologist.
- It is advisable to use creams with an organic base, like Creme d'Ogilvie by MJ Products, because they not only rejuvenate the skin but also provide essential vitamins and minerals without chemical substances.
- Aging can be intrinsic, i.e. genetic, and can be delayed by exercise and, to a lesser extent, through diet. Extrinsic factors include increased UV intensity, increased pollution as well as stress. All these factors tend to dry the skin and make it more prone to pigmentation and aging. Hence it is important to start caring for your skin in your teens.
- Extrinsic factors produce Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), which are oxygen molecules that damage the cells and make them age faster. Anti-oxidants neutralize these ROS.
- At night, use a moisturizer with an age-protecting agent.
- For younger skin, look for ingredients with antioxidants like vitamins C, E, or a whole range of botanicals like green tea, grape-seed or pomegranate extract, and curcumin, among others.
- For older skin, look for the following ingredients: peptides, vitamin A and derivatives like retinol and other retinoids, Alpha, Beta, and polyhydroxy acids.
- Exfoliation should be done with extreme caution and only with modern bead exfoliators. Avoid granular scrubs as these tend to damage the skin microscopically, which can lead to slow, insidious, and patchy darkening of the skin.